K F

bgah Rakahij afij bjhldh (1919- 25)

jfˋ cl, kd, xGf wfis midtU tsJ bfhs midJ MfSF bgfSF rk th mˡfgl ntL vgnj bgah <. bt. uhkrh ( 17-9-1879 - 24-12-1973) mtfˋ mogil jJt. j yif vl, kfilna y midJ tifahd ntW ghLfSF Ko fo, r_f czit gFj fnzhlij tsf mt Udh.

jdJ bfhifis eilKiwgLj, brid uh#jh rfJl 1917- M Mo bgah jid bjhl gL bfhlh. ghgdyhjtfSF , Wghik r_f kfSF iHfgl mfis fis neh l xJL mˡF #h uJ t mtfSF mˡfgl ntL vW j rf ntLnfh itJ nghuhoaJ.

nja fhu fia kfhkh fh ( 1869- 1948) t el brw 1919- M Mo bgah fhu nrjh. <nuhL efuh jiyt gj cˣl mnghJ mt tJ tj 29 bghJ gjfis mt Jwjh. ey yhg ilJ bfhoUj jdJ kif kW trha bghUf bkhj ahghuij ifɣlh; mnghJjh a jhf bjhlf gl jdJ ghiyiamt _oɣlh. fh gagLJ gHfij gutJ, fSfil ka brtJ ma ehL J ɉF filfis wf¥gJ, ԩlhikia xʥgJ nghw Mftkhd bralfis bgah KGkdJl VW ukhf braglh. 1921- fS fil ka brjjfhf mt <nuho iw jlid bgwh. mtNj kid kW rnfhj MnahUk nghuhl fyJ bfhlnghJ, nguhl ntf ToaJ; VnjD xU rkurF tuntoa flha iy UthfF VglJ.

Uǚ 1922- elj jĜehL fhu fģo Tl bgah xU Ԯkhd bfhL tjh. wdh kfilna ntW ghL fhlgLtij KoF bfhL tu, midJ #hfis nrj kfS midJ nfhYFS brW tgl mDkf ntL vgnj mj Ԯkhd. ntj kW J rhuf˚ TwgLstiw vLJ fho fģoƚ Uj ghgd cWdf j Ԯkhdij v⮤J, mJ iwntwgl ayhk jLJ Wd. ca #hia nrj cWdfˋ j v⮥ nghdh Mntr milj bgah kDjk rhu, uhkhaz Matiw bfhSj nghtjhf mɤjh. kfˋ r_f, kj, fyhrhu mrfis g j uhz, rhuf TWtij VW bfhs jdJ v⮥ig fhL Kfjh j mɥig bgah btƣlh.

r_f fyhrhuu bfhL tugl ntL vw bgahNj cWahd Ko, jdJ Kndw lfis eil Kiw gLatf vfshf UjnghJ mtfis MjǡF iyF mtiu MshaJ. J nfhƚf kW kj mwflidfˋ Uthf fhy fhykhf Mf brY, jf Raeyfhf jtwhf gagL tj ca #hdNj Mfij KoF bfhL tU nehfJl f 1923- J kj mwflis FGit cUthaij, xU fhufhuuhf Uj nghJ bgah MjǤjj fhuz Jjh.

ed ahɋ tuyh Kj Kjyhf tuyhW f ġf itf rahuf nghuhl (1924-25) bgU bt bgwjF bgah Ma gF rW Fiwjjy. bghJ ghijfis ԩljfhj kf Rju khf vj j jilċ gagLj, mJ nghw kw rkJt iwj r_f eltoif fis nkbfhs nghuhl t tFjJ.

Mnya murhf elJ gfSF xU khwhf nja gƉ g xW jĜ eho bj gFƚ UbentȡF mU cs nrukhnjƚ bjhlfglJ. FUFy vW miHfgl mj gia jĜehL fhu fģo, ju ghgduyhj utyfS izJ jh cUthd. mjid ..v. ma vw xU ghgd UtJ tjh. mtuJ Uthf ghgd kW ghgduyhj khztf ilna ghFghL fhlglJ. cz, jF l kW ghll nghwt kw ghgduyhj khztfis l nkyhd Kiwƚ ghgd khztf eljgld. jdJ MjuthsfSl nrJ bgah thW ghFghL fhlgLtjF fL v⮥ bjɤJ mjid KoF bfhL tjh.

tz #h eilKiw xʡfgLnghJ jh, cyf kf midtU midJ cik fis rkkhf mDgɥgJ vw nfhghL eilKiwƚ btbgW vW bgah cWahf edh. thW #hf mʪJ, r_f uik VgLtiu, r_f ia iyehl X Mf tkhd braghlhf #h mogilyhd l xJѣL Kiw bjhlu ntL vW mt Udh. mj fhuzkhf 1919- M ML Kj xbthU MoY elj jĜehL fhu fģo TlY lxJѣL bfhifia VW bfhs ntL vw Ԯkhdij bgah bfhL tjh. Mdh mtuJ Kaf vj j gaid mˡfɚiy; fhu fģo j Ԯkhdij VW bfhsntƚiy. mjdh 1925- etgǚ elj fhu kheho nghJ bgah fhu afij ɣL ydh. ghgdfˋ Mfij KoF bfhL tu, #h mik KiwF vuhf nghuhl kfhkh fh jahuhf yhj iyƚ, bgah mtiu ɣL ǪJ tu neǣlJ.

Rakahij af

eho brtij Kndw gafis kfˋ midJdU rkkhf EfU thid bgUf ntL vgJ, murhY UthfY jfˋ kfbjhif nfw uJtij midJ r_f kfS bgUf ntL vgJjh bgahNj nfhghlhF. bgahUF K ntW gyU, Fghf f vwiHfgl bjŪa eycik rf j r_f bfhifia tW tjJ. xU Mnuhakhd cyf fnzh lij bgUf cj tifƚ jfˋ mit tsJ bfhs kfSF gFj ghit njit vW bgah tWaJjh mtuJ f wj <L izaw gf˥ghF. xU Jtifahd rkJt iwj r_f mikig cUthf Kndhoahf w mogilƚ mikj, Vw jhf iwj, ghugakhd #h mik Kiw xʡfgl ntL vgij mt tWdh. ntW brhf˚ TWtjhdh, tbgw ts Fj xU bghUshjhu iyia Rjukhd mua mikig cUthF K, xU gy bghUa r_f fyhrhu mo js nghlglntL vW bgah Udh.

j iyƚjh, 1925- njhWɡf gl Rakahij af, nfȡFa ԧiHF _leiff, gHftH ff, rlFf, rujhaf MatWF vuhf f ukhd urhu xid illhJ nkbfhlJ. kfˋ mahikia ngh, mtfis ʥz bgw bra mt Udh. mjkw idfSF, aw ghFghL ffSF ttFF kj mikf kW kLfis khw njitahd eltoif f nkbfhsgl ntL vW mt tWdh. kh tU fhy njit nfwgo mtiw kh bfhL, iwa Niyl eilnghl awtfshf jfis kh bfhs mt kfSF Mnyhrid tHdh.

ghgd nuhjfS, kj rlFfS mw Ukzfis Rakahijfhuf eld. thifƋ midJ iyfY MfSF bgfSF ilna rkJt yntL vW mtf tWdhf. #h kW kW jit Ukzfis mtf CFɤjd. 1920-M ML thnyna bgah FLg fL ghL l njitia g urhu brJ tjh. nfhƚ njtjh Kiwid, FHij Ukzij rlgo xʡf mt Mju uodh. mnghUj brid uh#jh mu g thf˚ l xJѣL Kiw 1928- eilKiwgLj gLtjF bgahNj bjhlj ukhd urhunk Ka fhuzkhf mikjJ.

khehL

Rakahij af 1925- bjhlf glnghJ, 1929- utƚjh Kj Rakahij af khey khehL brfgo bgahuh VghL brJ eljglJ. khehoF l. . rjughoa mtf jiyik tjhf. 1930- <nuho eilbgw ulhtJ khy khehoF v.M.b#af jiyik tjh. UJefǚ eilbgw _whtJ khehoF r M. nf. Kf broah jiyik jhdh. khehLf kfSF Mtij mˤjJ kLk, #h xʥ, r_f xU iz, bgfSF rkcikf tHFtJ nghwit ga ԮkhdfS iwntw gld.

ntjfhy rdhjd jjk mogilƚ mikj, Vw jhf iwj tz #h mik Kiw of ntL vw vj j MtK ahit Ml MnyaUF iy vgjh, jifa rkJtkw r_f mikig ڡf njitahd eltoiffis nkbfhs ma muir rkf branth myJ îgfnth aY vW bgahU mtiu gatfS fUd. mj fhuzkhf Rju nghuhl mtf xU j iyiana fil oJ tjd.

r_f fyhrhu rkJtF nghuhLtJ vw jdJ Kj bralJl bghUshjhu rkJtij VgLJ l ij bgah 1930- M MLfˋ bjhl f izJ bfhlh. fhnu v. fhuntY vw Kd¡ fŰL jiyt Ul nrJ, f bga Kjyhf, y Rthjhf Mnah kfis Ruo thtjF vuhf nghuhLkhW bjhyhs, trha Tf mikfis bgah cUthdh. fŰL fia, mj bfhiffis gWtjhf TbfhS ffis jil bra ka, khy murf 1930-M MLfˋ ilƚ eltoiff nkbfhld. Rakahij af braghLfis jLf mtf bjhld. j neu xU Kakhd Koit nkbfhs ntoa iyƚ bgah Ujh. Rju nghuhlij, bjhyhs mikfis el bry gy csd vgij jdJ mDgtUJ bgah mUjh. ghugakhd kj nfLfis bt˥gLj, mfhu iwj nk#h ghgdiu v⮤J nghuhl btFynu Ktjd. j Niyƚ r_f jhjgl, thf kWfgl tfshf r_f fyhrhu iyƚ jUj kfis Kndw bgw br gia nkbfhs Rjukhf Uf nto jdJ rkjk braghLfis bgah FiwJ bfhlh.

bgahiu ۩L fhu fF bfhL tu uh#h vwiHfgl . uh# nfhghyrhƋ jiyikƚ 1934- xU Ka nkbfhsglJ: Mdh mJ bt bgwɚiy. lxJѣo _y r_f ia tsgJ, Kakhd bga bga bjhʉ rhiyf, ahghu Wtdfˋ braghL f˚ rkjkij eilKiwgLj, flRik iwj trhfˋ Ja Jilj nghw braghLfbfhl xU bralij bgah jahǤjh. mj bralij fF, mnghJ f bgW tsJ tj fhu fF bgah mD itjh. l xJѣL bfhif fhuRF V iy vgjh, mJ mtNj bra lij VW bfhsɚiy. r_f ia iyehL l xJѣL Kiw cˣl bgahNj nfhǡiff˚ gytiw f VW bfhljh, bgah mjid bjhlJ MjǤjh.

xU a fhy ilbt ڧfyhf 1921- M ML Kj 1937 tiu brid uh#jhƚ M brJ tj f njjȚ fhu fl njh miljJ. uh#nfhgyhrh jiyikƚ mikj fhu muR caiy gf˚ ia flha ghlkhf mKf gLaJ. thW ngrhj kfis ulh ju Fo kfshf MF j Kaia v⮤jtf bgahNj a jiyikƋ ќ xU khbgU nghuhlij nkbfhld. bgf,FHijf cˣl 1200 ngUF nkyhdtf 1938- iwƚ milfgld. iwthifƋ fLik fhuzkhf mtf˚ jhsKJ kW eluhr vw U bjhlf cHjd. j nghuhl ntf bgwnghJ, bgahUF uL ML fLfht jlidmˡf glJ. MdhY mt MWkhj fhy Lɡfglh. 1920 kW 1930 -F il gl fhy bgah mJ Kiw iw jlid milJsh.

1938 etgǚ bridƚ elj bgf khehL x <.bt. uhkrhia bgah vW miHgJ vw Ԯkhd xW iwnt wglJ.

bgah iwthr UjnghJ, 1938 org 29 mW fƋ jiytuhf njbjLfglh.

miwa brid khfhz flha ghlkhfglij v⮤j bgahUF ulhL fLfht jlid tHf glJ. Mdh mt MWkhjfSF wF Lɡfglh. LjiyF D F vuhd nghuhlij jh bjhlJ elj nghtjhf bgah mɤjh.

f

iwƚ Uifƚ fƋ jiytuhf bgah njbjLfglij eh ghnjh. f vdgL bjŪa ey cik rf 1938 org 29, 30 njf˚ bridƚ eilbgw jdJ khy kheho thW njbjLjJ. mogilƚ, jdJ theh bjhlf Kj W tiu kf midtNj cikfSfhf nghuoat bgah. nghJ mtuJ afF xU a njhwid mt nrJ, Rju uhl ehL nfhǡifid Kitjh. jfˋ r_f Mffhf kw r_fdiu ml xL itUj ca#h ghgdf tla Kjyhfshd gahfSl nrJ bfhL ia ¡f, bjŪa kfis bghUshjhu ƚ Rul brtij fl bgah 1938-39 uhl ehL nfhǡifia vGg ntoa flha iyF cshdh.

uhlf vW bgah FlJ, xU d bjhlila uj ikƋ mogilƚ mikjJ my; thif Kiw kW kLfˋ mogilnyna bgah uhl dij ghjh. ntjf, uhzf, jk rhuf nghwt fgLs r_f fyhrhu ghFghL bfhiff, gHf tHff, rujhaf, rlFf, ghugaij g tj ca#h ghgd Maf. rkJt r_f thif Kiw kW kLfis bfhltf uhlf. 1944 orgǚ cu unjr fhǚ eilbgw gLjjgl, jhjgl kfˋ kheho ngR nghJ, jfis Jf vW T bfhtij ifɣL jfis uhl vW Tbfhs ntL vW tl ahɚ cs ghgdyhj kfSF bgah ntLnfh Ljij F id TwntL.

1939 brlg khj ulh cyf ngh btojJ. fhu fƋ jiytiu fyjhnyhfhknyna ah it nghǚ Mnya <LgLajF v⮥ bjɤJ, brid kW VG khfhzf˚ Mƚ Uj fhu mikruitf mnlhg 29 mW gj yd. mnghJ vfahd fƋ jiytuhf Uj bgahiu muR mikF go khy MSeU, ftd b#duY 1940 kW 1942 MLf˚ UKiw miHjd. jťgl Kiwƚ bgahNj eguhf Uj fhufhu uh#nghyhrh j miHig VW bfhL muR mikf bgahUF Mnyhrid TaJl, f muRF jh btƚ UJ Mju m˥g jhf Tdh. MSe kW mtuJ Mnyhrffˋ MF xU Ko fl ntL vW jh Utjhf uh#h sf mˤjh. Mdh UKiw M mikf bgah kWJɣlh. KjyhtJ, bghJkfˋ bgUthahd thFfis bgwhk M mikgJ rawJ vW bgah fUdh. ulhtjhf, #h mik Kiwia xʡF, kjnea ġf gFj bfhiffis gu jdJ Kakhd g¡F, M mfhuij VW bfhtJ xU dilit VgLJ vW bgah fUdh.

1940 #dt 5 mW bgah ggh brwh. lhl . M. mngf bgahUF kahij mˡF tifƚ UKiw Ujˤjh. 1940 #dt 8-njaW mtf Kȫ jyt ͋dhit mtuJ y rjd. j uhl ehofhf ghLgL j Koit g mnghJ bgah mtl sdh.

brid khfhzij ML tj MSeU mtuJ MnyhrffS gf˚ Uj flha ghlkhd ia 1940 #dt 21 mW ڡ ɣlhf. ¥ig v⮤J nkbfhl nguhlF ilj btia ghuho ͋dh bgahUF j xW mDdh.

1921 Kj کlfhykhf Mƚ Uj f 1937 njjȚ njhfofgl , mj jiytf˚ gyU nrhtilUjd. mjdh mtf braglhk Ujd. jifa beUfoahd xU neu, fƋ jiyik bghWig VW bfhs bgah rkjh. r_f jUj kfˋ Kndwfhf ukhf gahW mua f xW mta njit vgij bgah czUjJjh j fhuz. mj beUfoahd neu fƋ jiytf˚ Ut bgahUF Jizahf cWl Ëwd. r. M.nf. KfK, V.o. gܮbrtKjh mj U jitf. mnghJ Kdt bfh rkjhd thdhf Ujh. d 1947- Rju ahɋ Kj mikruhf Mdh. dt MSeNj Mnyhrid FGɚ X cWduhf UJ, d 1930- brid khfhz xU mikruhf Ujt. My mu cJiw mikrNj Mnyhrfuhf bghWngW bfhtjfhf Xk flYF nk khd gaz brJ bfhoUj nghJ Vgl g U gܮbrt cHjh. jifa O gdh gܮ brt cHjJ jĜ ehLF ngH vW bgah ydh.

fƋ 15-tJ khy khehL 1940 Mf khj Uth%ǚ eilbgwJ. j khehonghJjh, d mP mzh vW mlD kahijlD miHf gl (d fhu) e (luh#) mzh Jiu fƋ iz brayhsuhf Mdh. jdJ <Lizaw vGjhwyhY, ngrh wyhY mt isPfis ftGjh. bgahNj bfhiff, nfhghLf, bra lfis jdJ fLiuf, Wfijf, df, ehlffˋ _y gut mt bgUgfhdh.

1941 ut khj u #dehaf fƋ Wtd jiyt v. v. uh bridF tJ bgahNj Uduhf jdh. fhu fF vuhf mida msɚ xU khbgU Tlia cUthFt mt bgahNj cjia ehodh. ghr thahd Knrhy, ehrthahd ϣy, uhQt bt bfhl nlhn#h Mnahiu l My Vfhgank nkyhdJ vW fUa tUtU 炙yhJ eho ngh Kaf SF Mju mˤjd.

bjhlJ bgah nfh tj isthf, uƚ iyafy kw cz LfY ghgdfSF jahf kwtfSF jahf cz gkhwgL tHf 1941 kh khj xʡfglJ.

fƚ Uj nghF kd bfhl xU d bgahNj ufukhd r_f ӮUj lfis, kjyafis fLikahf kjij gFj bfhif fis urhubrjjij Ugɚiy. jifa v⮥fis vyh g J ftiyglhj bgah jid R isPf S bghJkfS bfhl xU bgU Tlid uo bfhL j ghijƚ bjhlJ brW bfhoUjh. j 1942-43 M ML fhyjh kaikah afF tJ nrjh; mJl bgah mtfˋ jťgl njitfis mt ftŤJ bfhlh. j jiytl Fj g bfhoUj mt mtUF Fj RthrJlnrit brjh. d 1949- mtf Ukz brJ bfhld.

uhl fHf 1944 - 1973

1944 Mf 27 mW nry eilbgw fƋ khy khL bgahNj af xU bgU U Kidahf mikjJ. fƋ bga uhl fHf vd khwglJ My Mdh mˡfgl gjf, glf,midi ifLgo mj cWdf nfL bfhsglhf. jf bgaUF Uj #hglfis Tl ifLgo mtf nfL bfhs gld. af cWdf njjf˚ ngholTlhbjgJ Ko brag lJ. ntW brhf˚ TWtjhdh, J tiu X mua fahf Uj f uhl fHfkhf kh mua rhgw r_f fyhrhu afkhf MdJ. W Tl mJ thWjh csJ.

nghJ uhl fHf jiytuhf cs U uk¡F 11 tajhf UFnghJ mtiu nkir J ÉfitJ tuyhW w ġf nry kheho ngr itf bgah mDkjh. Rakahij af UPhdrgj vW ukia ghitahsUF mP mzh mKf gLdh. (Mj g bfhl UPhd rgj irt uhzghlf aat.)

1944 M ML org W thu Kj , 1945 M ML #dt Kj thu tiu bgah tla gaz xW nkbfhlh. 1944 org 27 mW bfhfjh u #dehaf f kho bgah ngdh. mnghJ jdJ ehf fU Mrh vW T TldUF bgahiu v.v. uh mKf gLdh.

3 : 2 v msɚ fU dƋ eLnt t tl bfhljhf uhl fHf bfho 1946- totikfgL VW bfhsglJ. J kj Mf ќ uhlf gl fSF, xLF KiwF milahskhf fU saJ. kfilna UF mahikia, _l eifia ڡf, midJ tifahd, Fghf r_f fyhrhu RulfUJ mtfis fhf, cWahd Kaf nk bfhtij fhLtjhf t mik⡻wJ.

kJiuƚ 1946 nk khj fUril gil Ueh khehL xW VghL brJ eljglJ. ghgd J rdhjfˋ Ljyh, khehL elj gj ulh eh vǡfglJ. mnj ML 9-M njaW,. a murik rl kw mikfgl KiwF vuhf bgah cWahf Fu vGdh.

1947Mf 15 mW ah Rju miljij bgah Jf dkhf mɤjh. bghUshjhu Rul kLk, r_f fyhrhu Mf iwj ghgd - gah Tll muR mfhu khw braglnj j f vW bgah fUaJnt j fhuz. Mnya Mia l j M f nkhrkhdjhf UF vWmt fUdh. 1950- ah Foaurhf mɡfglnghJ, VW bfhsgl a murik rlij g bgah J nghw fUijna bfhoUjh.
kfhkh fhl bgah y mogil brf˚ fUJ khWglt uhf UjnghJ, Jt kjbtafˋ FLF fh iuahd 1948 #dt 30 mW bgah bgJ tUdh. ahF fh ehL vW bga Nlgl ntL vW mnghJ mt Mnyhrid Tdh

1948 kh khj brid khfhz muR fUril gil bjhlfSF jil jJ. jdh uhl fHfJF nkY gutyhd sgu iljJ.mj isthf xU yrJF nkgl kf, mtf˚ bgUghnyh fUril mªJ 1948 nk 8,9 njjf˚ eilbgw uhl fHf kheho fyJ bfhld.

1948 #& khj kWgo gf˚ mKfgLjglnghJ, bgah mjF vuhd jdJ nghuhlij kWgo bjhldh. bjhlf fl mfhf cWahf UJ, j nghuhlF vuhf eltoiffis nkbfhl nghJ., bghJkfˋ UgJF ɣL bfhLf ntoa iyF cshd mtf flha ghl lij Ug bgW bfhld.

ahɚ f MHkhf, cWahf nt%Uj r_f nfLf midJ tz#h vD #h eilKiwia gWtijna kakhf bfhlitahF. rkJtkw mLF Kiw #h mikF j jik mˡF J kj nfhgho UJ, mjid gWtUJ ǡf Koahj Xmogil mrkhfnt j #h mikKiw mikjjhF. j #h mik Kiwah gadilgtf ca #h ghgdf kLnk; ahakw rYiff kW ghugakhfbgW tU mDTyfMat _y mtf msga brtij, kd Mwiy bgUjd. jifa r_f eilKiwia KY khwntL vW nghuhLnth rkkw xU nghǚ <Lglntoa iyƚ Ujd. jahɚ y r_f nfLfis xʡF gia VW bfhoUF jťgltfS, affS vY rkur brJ bfhshk jf ghijia ɣL yhfhk KG <LghLlD,ahf czlD braglntL vgij bgah jdJ gldhY, u jid ahY czUjh. mua mfhu bgw mtf njjȚ nghoƣlh, jf nehffh nghuhL Mtij mtf HJ Lthf vW bgah fUdh. Mdh mtiu gatf˚ gyU ntWj fUJ bfhoUjd; muaȚ <LgL murhƚ gnff ntL vW Ud. bgahlUJ ǪJ bry njitahd xU thid mtf v nehUjd. jdJ 70-tJ ta 30 tajhd kaikia kzJ bfhlj _y bgah xU nkhrkhd K cjhuzij cUth ɣlh vW TbfhL mtf 1948 #&iy 9 mW uhl fHij ɣL btnadhf. ǪJ brw mtf .v. mzhJiu (mP mzh) jiyikƚ uhl Kndw fHf vw fia cUthd.

JnghW ntLbknw ntbwhU nehfJl cz tkhf vGj v⮥ fis g J rry milahj bgah ʥz bfhl rkJt r_f xiw cUthf uil klF ntfJl bjhlJ brayhdh.

1950 #dt 26 mW a murik rl eilKiwF tj, tuyhW ahf thf kWfgl r_f kfSF f Wtd nrifY, muR g th Y l xJL mˡF brid mu rlij v⮤J ghgdf brid ca kwF, cr kwF brwd. ntWghL fhl TlhJ vw mogil cik jdh wgLtjhf mtf Td. kwfS mtfˋ fUij VW bfhL, r_f ia tsF l xJѣL Kiw murik rlF vuhdJ vW mɤjd. Ԯig v⮤J bgah bghJ Tlfis, khehLfis VghL brJ eldh. ehshf Mf j nghuhl u kiljJ. j isthf 1951- a murik rlfhd Kj Uj ehlhSkw iwnt murik rl 15- 2 nrfglJ; jhjgl gHFo kf myj rKf msY f iY js ju kfˋ Kndwfhf wghd rlf aWtij j nyh myyJ 29-M ɋ 2-tJ nyh TwgoUgJ vJ muRF jilƚiy.

1952 brlgh 23 mW bgah Rakahij urhu Wtd g bra glJ. 1953- bgah mWago, khy KGtY jd bfhlhl glJ. gFj tl Toa xU thifia nkbfhs ntL vW tWa bgah fwtfS, fatw kfS tgL vzw bjtfˋ brayw jikia vLJ fhL Kiwƚ ehaf iyfis ciljh.

jilna 1952-54 MLfSilna uh#nfhghyhrh ulhtJ Kiwahf brid khfhz Kjyikruhf gjɡF tjh. gf˚ fhiyƚ kLnk tFf elJ lij bfhL tj mt, gfȚ jfˋ bgnwhNj Fybjhiy mtf fW bfhs ntL vW nfL bfhlh. Kj flkhf l khy uhk w gFf˚ eilKiw gLjglJ. Nu, grk #h kf f atwtfshf, miuFiwahf gojt fshf itUF ju ġf xU tna l vgij uhl jiytf rahf kld. gy W ML fhykhf f thf kWfgl mtfsJ isf nghJjh gfSF bry bjhlsd. uh#nfhghyhrhahNj fɤ lij Fyf l vW fld brj mtf jid Ug bgw ntLbkw nghuhlij bgah jiyikƚ bjhldhf. j isthf 1954 kh khj uh#nfhgyhrh Kj Kjyikr gjUJ yf nejJ.; Vu 14 mW fhkuh# Kjyikruhf bghWngwh.

miueh goF fɤ lij fhkuh# ڡdh. khy _iy KLf˚ vyh kf f fF trfis muR gLJ vW bgahUF mt cW mˤjh. th kWfgltfSF f kW Uthf thf mˡF l xJѣL Kiwia neikl eilKiw gLj mt cWaˤjh. fhkuh# jdJ cWbkhfis iwntajh, bgah fhkuh#UF jilƋ Mju mˤjh. 1925 - fhuir ɣL y 30 MLf fʪj bgah fhuir MjǤjh vw nghY, mt mˤj Mju jťgl fhkuh# vgtUfhfjhnd m fhu ffhf my.

1954 etg org khjfY, 1955 #dtY bgahU mtNj kid kaikahU gkh knya ehLfSF urhu RW gaz brwd. jnghJ ahkh vdgL gkhɚ, j kj ehlhL x fyJ bfhl bgah, lhl . M. mngfhUl ngR thij eldh. 1956 org 6 mW mngfh kuzkil tjF K j U bgatfS rJ ng bfhlJ Jnt W KiwhaF. ahɚ y r_f kj uidf bjhlghf mtf UtU xj fUijna bfhoUjd.

gLnfhil mHrhġF mr brYj bgah 1955 kh 28 mW jrhǚ LfhLF brwh. mrh ber vwiHfgL mH uhl fHf bfhiff˚ u gW bfhltU, bgh gwF ngrhw bfhltU Mth. 1949-M ML nj eh˚ mt cƮ ڤjh. NufSF jahf ijF l csJ vgij FF X mɥ gyif mUgij bgah flh. thW wj ijF, vǡF LfhoY Tl tzjkij filogij mɡF gyif itUgij MnrJ mt khtl MaUF xU foj vGdh. mj isthf mj mɥ gyif ڡfgL, mj eilKiw iflglJ.

tz jk fhghwgLtj milahskhf uhk Ugjh, uhkŋ glij vǡF nghuhl xiw uhl fHf 1956 Mf 1 mW nkbfhlJ. m rka bgah jL fhtȚ ifJ bra glh.

1956 etg 1 mW bkhth khyf ahy cUthfgld; bgah j eltoifia tuntwh.

irt cz kLnk tHfgL vgij bjɥgjfhf ghgdf bfhLj nahridgo cz Lf˚ ghgd czL vw bgagyiff mfyhUjd. thW tzjkij FF braYF uhl fHf v⮥ bjɤJ,1957 nk khj 5-njaW bridƚ cs X cz LƋ K X milahs nghuhlij bjhlaJ. dK mF brW nghuhoa bjhlf ehbshWF 10 ng j ifjhd. 1958 kh 22 mW fHf nfhǡif bt bgW tiu J bjhlJ eljJ.

1957 etg 26 mW tz#h KiwF ghJfh mˤJ cj murik rl ɋ effis uhl fHf 10,000 bjhlf bfhS nghuhl eld. tuyhW w ġf j nghuhl fyJ bfhltf˚ 3000-F nkgnlhUF 2 khj Kj 3 ML tiu fLfht iw jlid mˡfglJ.

1957 org 4 mW, fht Jiw d gntLf˚, ghgdfSF vuhf tKiw fhl jdJ bjhlfis odh vW bgahNj J Fw rho bghahf g bra gl tH bgahUF MW khj fLfht iw jlid mˡfglJ; bgah Fwrhil kWjh.

#heilKiwia MjǡF murik rl effis vǤjjfhf iw jlid bgw uhkrh, btisrh vw uL bjhlf iwƚ UFnghnj cƮ ڤjd. mtfˋ clfis fHfdl mˡf Ughj iw mfhfˋ v⮥ig ۿ bgUKaƋ ngǚ mtiw bgw kaikah UƋ Ka fˋ tna elj xU cz tagl khbgU Cty mtiw vLJ brW ca kahijfSl mlf brjh. iw jlidƋ fLikdh, iwthr brj 15 bjhlf Ljiy milj cƮ ڤjd.

bgfqǚ 1959 #dtƚ muR rh eilbgw mida bkhf kheho bgah fyJ bfhlh. b#du fagh kW nklgh MnahUl nrJ Myij a mu M bkhahf of ntoa mtaij bgah tWdh. ut khj tla RWgaz xiw nkbfhl bgah, gFj, r_f , Rakahij thif Kiw Ma bfhiff g urhu brjh.

#h eilKiwid ka muR ghJfhJ fil ogjF v⮥ bjɡf a tiu glij vǡFkhW 1960 #& khj bgah kfis nfL bfhlh. nghuhl fyJ bfhljfhf 4000-F nkgl bjhlf ifJ bragld.
ts nrF jdJ tHfP bjhiy ifɣL ɣL af KGneu bjhluhf gahw Ktj iwa fHf jiyt . uk mtfis tuntW gFj ehnslhd Ljiyƚ xU w fLiuia 1962- bgah vGdh.

KG neu f gahw Ug bjɤJ jHf Kjt gjia ɣL yf fhkuh# KtjnghJ, bra mtUF jĜehL kfSF jbfhiy brJ bfhS braYF xghF vW bgah xU jia fhkuh#UF mDdh. vwhY fhkuh# jdJ Koit kh bfhsɚiy; mj isthf 1963 mnlhg 3 mW v. gjtry Kjt bghWngwh.

r. .. uhkrh ma jiyikyhd nja xUiz f gǪJiujgo, a ehoUJ ǪJ brY nfhǡif id gutij jil br rl xW 1963- ehlhSkw iwntwglJ. bgah f ukhf j rlij v⮤jh.

y crtu îzƤJ jĜehLmuR aa rlF vuhf cr kw mˤj Ԯid v⮤J Vu 1964- khy bkF fld Tlfis uhl fHf elaJ.

¥F vuhf 1965 #dt 25 Kj ut 15 tiu jĜ eho bfhGJ ɣL vǪj nghuhl gy cHjd; vj irƚ nghuhLtJ vw nehfċ ey Kiwƚ VghL braglhj j nghuhlij bgah Fiw Tdh.

gR ghJfh vw bgaǚ, Jt nfhghodh btlgl xU tKiw Fg 1966 etg 7 mW oƚ Uj fhkuh# oid vǤJ mtiu bfhiy bra Kawd. fhlhojdkhf braiy foj bgah midJ tiffY fhkuh#iu fhghw ʥl UFkhW kfis nfL bfhlh.

1957, 1962 kW 1967 bghJ njjfˡy uhl fHf fhu fia MjǤjJ; 1967 rlkw njjȚ bt bgW M mikj uhl Kndw fHfij bgahh v⮤jh. M mikjl, mP mzh jdJ mikrf midtUlD U brW jdJ Mrhdhd bgahUF kahij brYdh. brid khfhzij jĜehL vW Kf bga khw brjnghJ, Rakaij Ukzf rlgo brY vW mwɤjnghJ bgah k miljh. 1967 tiu Jnghw Ukzf rlgo mfǡfglɚiy vwhY, Rakahij bfhiff fhuzkhf Mufzfhdtf jifa Ukzfis el tjd.

1967- bgah tla RW gaz xW nkbfhL, #h Kiwia xʡf ghL gLkhW kfis nfL bfhlh. yndhɚ mnlhg 12, 13 njf˚ eilbgw jhjgl, gHFod, gLjgl d, Wghikd khehL x bgah ngdh.

yrfzfhd jĜ isPfˋ jfw jiytuhf sa mP mzh 1969 ut 3-nj jdJ 60-tJ ta fhykhdh.j Ka lf˚ xUtuhd mP mzh wjnghJ bgah ff tUdh.

tz #hƋ _y fhuzf˚ xwhd Mfk nfhƚf˚ ghgdfis kLnk mrffshf aĥgJ vW filof gL tj tHfij KoF bfhL tu nfh xU nghuhlij elJtJ vW uhl fHf jdJ bra FG Tl Ko brjJ.

midJyf ehLfˋ f, ma,fhyrhu mikdh bgahUF UJ xW tHfglJ. 1970 #& khj 27-nj j Uij ka f mikr Fzhbr bgahl tHdh. J f Ԯfj, bjHF Mahɋ rhuO, r_f ӮUj af jij, mahik, _leif, mjkw rlFf, thd gHf tHff Mat fL gift vW bgahiu g j U fJ ciufgLsJ.

cik vw jĜ khj jiH (jnghJ J khjU jHhf bttUwJ) khl nudȰ vw My khj jiHk bgah Kiwna 1970 kW 1971 M MLf˚ bjhldh. gFj kjnea bfhiffis gutyhf gu nehfJl giff bjhlfgld. uhkhaz ij g bgah vGa ȋ bkh bgaF muR Uj jilia myfhgh ca kw 1971- ڡaJ. brid fhu mudh jil brago Uj uhtz fha vw YF fgo Uj jil 1971- y bfhsglJ. vj #hƚ wjtfshf UjhY r, jF gilj midtUF rk th m˥gjfhd rl xiw Kf muR 1971 #dt 12 mW iwntaJ. _leif xʥ khbgU ngu xW nry #dt 23 mW eljglJ. uhzfY, fhrfY t¡f gl flfˋ cikahd cUtfis jǡF glfis, ufis ngud vLJ brwd. tiw ghj r jik mw rdhjf y Tld J brUfis vjd. Mj jt Uj Nu rf jiyia bto bfhw uhkŋ glij mogjF nguƮ mj brUfisna gagL bfhld. bgah bjhl fˋ bra br Jiwdh msF mfkhf bgJgLjgL ah KGtJ gugglJ. ngud vLJ brw M, bg flfˋ glfis mtf btƣoUjd. 1971 kh khj eilbgw njjȚ j f Kf fhu Tl¡F vuhf gagLj glJ. vwhY U ffS bgUbt bgwd; Kf jĜehL rlkwY, fhu kY mWbgUghik bgW Mmikjd.

cik vw jĜ khj jiH (jnghJ J khjU jHhf bttUwJ) khl nudȰ vw My khj jiHk bgah Kiwna 1970 kW 1971 M MLf˚ bjhldh. gFj kjnea bfhiffis gutyhf gu nehfJl giff bjhlfgld. uhkhaz ij g bgah vGa ȋ bkh bgaF muR Uj jilia myfhgh ca kw 1971- ڡaJ. brid fhu mudh jil brago Uj uhtz fha vw YF fgo Uj jil 1971- y bfhsglJ. vj #hƚ wjtfshf UjhY r, jF gilj midtUF rk th m˥gjfhd rl xiw Kf muR 1971 #dt 12 mW iwntaJ. _leif xʥ khbgU ngu xW nry #dt 23 mW eljglJ. uhzfY, fhrfY t¡f gl flfˋ cikahd cUtfis jǡF glfis, ufis ngud vLJ brwd. tiw ghj r jik mw rdhjf y Tld J brUfis vjd. Mj jt Uj Nu rf jiyia bto bfhw uhkŋ glij mogjF nguƮ mj brUfisna gagL bfhld. bgah bjhl fˋ bra br Jiwdh msF mfkhf bgJgLjgL ah KGtJ gugglJ. ngud vLJ brw M, bg flfˋ glfis mtf btƣoUjd. 1973 kh khj eilbgw njjȚ j f Kf fhu Tl¡F vuhf gagLj glJ. vwhY U ffS bgUbt bgwd; Kf jĜehL rlkwY, fhu kY mWbgUghik bgW Mmikjd.

#h ntWgho jF gilj midJ #h kfis nfhƚ mrffshf aġf jĜehL mur 1971- iwnta rlF vuhf cr kw FHg iwj Ԯ xiw 1972 kh 14 mW tHaJ. jnghJs iyna of ntL vW nfhU nghfhsfSF Mjuthf mfhf ԮF sf mˤjnghJ, r_f, kj kW fyhrhu Jiw cˣl midJ iyfY rk kj cikfSfhf nghuhl kfis nto bgah xU nghuhlij mɤjh. J kj vwiHfgL ntj, ghgd rdhjd jkgo Nuf vW grkf vW Ljgl uhl d kfSF Vgl it ڡFtjF nghuhl njitahdjhf UjJ.

1973 org 8 , 9 njf˚ bridƚ xU khehL elj bgah VghL brjh. jHNj r_f xʥ khehL vW mJ miHfglJ. nfhƚfˋ fUtiwƚ midJ #hfis nrj kfS EiHtj rk cikfS thfS bgw nghuhLtjfhf fUtiw EiH nghuhl vw xU nghuhlij nkbfhs j khehL Ko brjJ. rkJt mogilƚ xU r_f eilKiwia khaikgjF aikahj eltoifahf, #hf akd kW ju kj rlFf,rujhaf˚ ghgd bgWs Mfid, cikaw rYiffis KoF bfhL tu ntoaj mtaij sf bgah xU bgU RW gazij nkbfhlh.

flis kWJ, fl tghil, urhuij v⮤J 1967- bgah Ta fbgw bghbkhfis bgahNj iy nkilƚ bghjjF vuhd tHF xW mnlhg 11mW kwjh jSgo braglJ.

1973 org 19 mW brid ahfuha efǚ eilbgw jdJ W Tl r_f rkJtij, jkhd iwj thif Kiwia bgw jf eltoif nkbfhs kfSF MtkˡF nguiH xiw bga Ljh.

bgahNj thif, tuyh xU a Ugij VgL, xU J f bjhlf khf mikjjhF.